The Daba Mountains run along the northern border with Shaanxi, and in the northeast the Wu Mountains demarcate the Yangtze’s entry into Hubei, in the river’s Three Gorges region.  From 1938 to 1943, the city suffered from continuous terror bombing by the Japanese air force. The metropolitan area encompassing the central urban area was estimated by the OECD (Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development) to have, as of 2010 , a population of 17 million.  An important industrial area in western China, Chongqing is also rapidly urbanising. Notable individuals who have held the municipal Party Secretary position include He Guoqiang, Wang Yang, Bo Xilai, Zhang Dejiang, and Sun Zhengcai, the latter three were Politburo members during their term as party chief. Chongqing municipality, 28,846,170. As of 2014, within the area of the 9 districts, there were 20 bridges on the Yangtze river and 28 bridges on the Jialing river. The aptness of this name has only increased under present-day conditions: contaminated by soot, carbon dioxide, and acid rain, the atmosphere of Chongqing is among the most polluted in China. Thus, Yu Prefecture was renamed Chongqing in his honor. Les migrants non enregistrés étaient estimés à 8,8 millions de personnes, dont environ 4,9 millions dans la zone urbaine, et 3,9 millions d'entre eux travaillant et vivant dans d'autres centres urbains de moindre importance dans les limites de la municipalité.  Agriculture remains significant. Jiangzhou was renamed several times over the next few hundred years, Chu Prefecture, Yu Prefecture and Gong Prefecture in 1102. Our editors will review what you’ve submitted and determine whether to revise the article. Updates? However, few of these picturesque lanes now remain. The city has also invested heavily in infrastructure to attract investment. Public transport in Chongqing consists of metro, intercity railway, a ubiquitous bus system and the world's largest monorail network. En 2016, la population de l’agglomération est estimée à 8 millions d'habitants,. By 1929, Chongqing (then known as Chungking) became a Republic of China municipality, and then a provisional capital during the Second Sino-Japanese War of 1937 to 1945. Please select which sections you would like to print: Corrections? With its special topographical features, Chongqing has the unique scenery of mountains, rivers, forests, springs, waterfalls, gorges, and caves. The 2015 population for Chongqing was recorded at 30,165,500. The current municipality was separated from Sichuan province on 14 March 1997 to help develop the central and western parts of China.  The night scene of the city is very illuminated, with millions of lights and their reflection on the rivers. The municipality is also one of the nine largest iron and steel centres in China and one of the three major aluminium producers. This made it a city of world importance in the fight against Axis powers, together with London, Moscow and Washington, D.C. The city was also visited by Lord Louis Mountbatten, the Supreme Commander of SEAC which was itself headquartered in Ceylon, modern day Sri Lanka. , By 2050, Chongqing will have as many as 18 lines planned to be in operation.. Leaving at dawn the White Emperor crowned with cloud. In 2016, Chengdu had a population of 7.8 million. Chongqing is one of 5 national central cities of the People's Republic of China (PRC) and sits in Southwest China. Les hivers sont courts et doux, mais humides et nuageux. In 1950, the population of Chongqing was 1,566,966. a Indicates with which district the division was associated below prior to the merging of Chongqing, Fuling, Wanxian (now Wanzhou) and Qianjiang in 1997. Coal reserves ≈ 4.8 billion tonnes. As the Chongqing municipality government directly administers the city of Chongqing, as well as rural counties, and other cities not connected to the city of Chongqing, Chongqing municipality can technically claim to be the largest city proper in the world, even though this is due to a classification technicality and not because it is actually the world's largest urban area. The remaining months are warm, with annual mean temperatures ranging between 64 and 67 °F (18 and 19 °C). Chongqing, with over 100 days of fog per year, is known as the "Fog City" (雾都), and a thick layer of fog enshrouds it for 68 days per year during the spring and autumn. L'annuaire statistique de 2005 énumère également 15,22 millions (49,82 %) d'hommes et 15,33 millions (50,18 %) de femmes. At that time the city occupied a commanding position between the prefectures of Shunqing (centred on modern Nanchong) to the north and Shaoqing (centred on modern Pengshui) to the east. Including other township related subdivisions. Recently, there has been a drive to move up the value chain by shifting towards high technology and knowledge intensive industries resulting in new development zones such as the Chongqing New North Zone (CNNZ). Pop. Equally important are the former suburban areas on the south shore of the Yangtze. Le nombre de prétendus « jours de ciel bleu » (jours où la pollution est « seulement » légère) a été à la hausse[réf. Les principales gares de Chongqing sont la gare de Chongqing (重庆站, chóngqìng zhàn) et la gare de Chongqing-Nord (重庆北站, chóngqìng běizhàn). HP, Cisco, Siemens, Lafarge etc., 160 au total) ainsi que de grandes entreprises chinoises telles que Qingling Motors. Extremes since 1951 have ranged from −1.8 °C (29 °F) on 15 December 1975 (unofficial record of −2.5 °C (27 °F) was set on 8 February 1943) to 43.0 °C (109 °F) on 15 August 2006 (unofficial record of 44.0 °C (111 °F) was set on 8 and 9 August 1933)..  According to the 2010 census, Chongqing is the most populous Chinese municipality, and also the largest direct-controlled municipality in China, containing 26 districts, eight counties, and four autonomous counties. * Indicates this city has already occurred above. Chongqing’s climate has earned the city the nickname “fog capital” (wudu). In addition, more than 1,300 people moved into the city daily, adding almost 100 million yuan (US$15 million) to the local economy.  It borders the following provinces: Hubei in the east, Hunan in the southeast, Guizhou in the south, Sichuan in the west and northwest, and Shaanxi to the north in its northeast corner. The municipal People's Congress is headed by a former municipal official, usually in their late fifties or sixties, with a lengthy prior political career in Chongqing. km: 373.63 (2017) Ethnic composition: No data Birth rate, per 1000 population: 11.18 (2017) Death Rate, Per 1000 population: 7.27 (2017)  These infrastructure improvements have led to the arrivals of numerous foreign direct investors (FDI) in industries ranging from car to finance and retailing; such as Ford, Mazda, HSBC, Standard Chartered Bank, Citibank, Deutsche Bank, ANZ Bank, Scotiabank, Wal-Mart, Metro AG and Carrefour, among other multinational corporations. Prior to the city’s modernization, its cross streets were narrow and often winding; following the topography of the hill, some of them went up and down in flights of hundreds of steps. C'est également la seule ville où le franchissement des fleuves s'effectuait partiellement à l'aide de téléphériques. The promontory is bounded on the north by the Jialing River and on the east and south by the Yangtze, effectively forming a peninsula projecting between the two rivers. Author of. From there the northeastern arm spreads along the Yangtze valley. Lives were saved by the air-raid shelters which took the advantage of the mountainous terrain. Lei Zhengfu, le secrétaire de parti du district de Beibei, dans la ville de Chongqing, est impliqué dans un scandale politico-sexuel. An additional 83,000 had registered in Chongqing, but not yet settled there. bSub-provincial cities as provincial capitals. Traditionally, due to its geographical remoteness, Chongqing and neighbouring Sichuan have been important military bases in weapons research and development. The Daba Mountains stand in the north, the Wu Mountains in the east, the Wuling Mountains in the southeast, and the Dalou Mountains in the south.