Jim watched the terrifying horror movie, in the new theater on, 2nd Avenue. Her mother a doctor was often late. For example: 'Let's eat Grandpa' vs. 'Let's eat, Grandpa' - that little comma is the only thing standing between cannibalism and a loving family dinner. This mistake is called a comma splice, and it's one of the most common errors students make on the ACT English. For contractions: would not → wouldn’t. By night, they also save lives. credit-by-exam regardless of age or education level. Simply cross off that phrase and see if you still have a complete sentence. credit by exam that is accepted by over 1,500 colleges and universities. Unclear version: I have a meeting with Donna Jones, the school principal, Ms. Hawkins, my daughter’s English teacher, and Jim Jackman, the volleyball coach. They mark a pause in the sentence or separate a dependent clause from an independent clause. A. (I’m looking at you, students who use “but yet” in sentences! © copyright 2003-2020 Study.com. I have a meeting with Donna Jones, the school principal; Ms. Hawkins, my daughter’s English teacher; and Jim Jackman, the volleyball coach. What do we mean by non-essential or additional information in a sentence? The one slightly confusing spin on this rule is that when the order of appositives are reversed, they usually don't require commas anymore. '(C) 'Surrendering your ancient crystal to me is the only way to save the galaxy. Luckily, you only really need to focus on a few main rules in order to do well on the ACT. an all-too-common mistake The following four rules will help you determine when and where you need to place commas. Both the SAT and ACT exams expect students to know whether or not appositives should be set off from the rest of the sentence with commas. That’s why it’s important to first apply your knowledge of combining sentences to a punctuation question (i.e., identify if the question is asking you to link two ideas together) before you check for comma rules. Take a look at the example below. You will only be tested on the rules of the em dash, which is what we’ll cover here. As a general rule, any part of a sentence that can be removed without changing the sentence's fundamental meaning must be bracketed by commas. Here's an overview of what we're going to cover: This is the single most important rule to keep in mind when dealing with commas on the ACT: if you aren't sure if you need a comma, you probably don't need a comma. And they are commonly confused because they are exceptions to the rule about using apostrophes to show possession. Already registered? Well, it’s like Ralph Waldo Emerson once said: “I hate quotations.”. ACT questions about appositives and relative clauses usually require you to determine whether you need a comma to complete a pair and, if so, where it needs to go. Technically, that example is a run-on sentence because I didn’t separate the two clauses properly (either with a period, a semicolon, or a comma and an appropriate FANBOYS conjunction). They’re sophisticated; use them properly, and people will be impressed at your mastery of the English language. So, as far as the test is concerned, so should you!). The answer is (C). Rachel is one of Magoosh’s Content Creators. Remember that the commas were bracketing 'to me' as unnecessary or optional information. Meet the Comma. Nonetheless, the basic rule for comma use is identical. One or the other will do!). A hyphen ( – ) is often used to join words together. if I can’t figure out where the story is going in the first hour, then I don’t want to play the game! Find everything you need to self-administer a full-length SAT test - 8 Official SAT Practice Tests, blank answer sheets, and proctoring instructions. …but if multiple teams share a bus, it’s the “teams’ bus.” This is because for plural nouns, the apostrophe comes after the “s”. However, on the ACT, it is NEVER correct to place a comma after a preposition and very rarely correct to place one before a preposition. You don't need commas in either of these cases because they are lists of only two items. (A) The hero defeated, the bad guy found the superweapon and saved the day. On the way to the hospital, the taxi driver regaled us with tales of his own mother’s longstanding battle with ovarian cancer.
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