european explorers

In total, five European nations would throw their hats into the exploration ring in an attempt to find trade routes, merchant opportunities, and - ultimately - lands to conquer. Here you can find out everything about his life and journey that made his name immortal. Map depicting the European exploration of the New World in the 15th and 16th centuries, including the voyages made by Christopher Columbus, John Cabot, Alonso de Ojeda and Amerigo Vespucci, Pedro Álvares Cabral, Ferdinand Magellan and Juan Sebastián del Cano, Giovanni da Verrazzano, Jacques Cartier, Sir Francis Drake, and others. Around 1000 A.D., almost five hundred years before Columbus landed in the West Indies, Leif Erikson, a Viking explorer, landed on Canada’s eastern shore. During his journeys, he visited central and south America and was one of the first scientists to map the stars 1500–02 – Gaspar and Miguel Corte Real discover and name the coasts of "Terra Verde" (likely Newfoundland) and Labrador. Champagne, Father Antoine. Jacques Cartier, a French explorer, sailed up the St. Lawrence River in the eastern part of Canada to look for a northwest passage. In 1488, Dias became the first European explorer to open up that very trade route; his path took him round the Cape of Good Hope - located in what is today South Africa - and through the Atlantic and Indian Oceans. One of the most famous Spanish explorers of 16th century was Hernando de Soto, who accompanied conquistador Francisco Pizarro in his destruction of Incan empire and contributed to the modern history by exploring the lands of Florida and discovering the mighty river Mississippi. Although his journeys to the west did not have great immediate success, his exploits paved the way for the numerous future colonists. His discovery sparked new age of sea exploration and expansion of the European civilization to the South and Eastern Asia. Immediately after Christopher Columbus discovered West Indies, all seafaring European governments quickly formed their exploratory fleets and sent their greatest sailors to the west. Vasco Núñez de Balboa will remain remembered as the first European who successfully reached Pacific Ocean via the Strait of Panama. The Netherlands contributed an explorer of their own by the name of Abel Tasman, who successfully sighted Tasmania, Tonga, New Zealand, and the Fiji Islands (which are all close to Australia) in 1642. 1805–06 – Mungo Park descends the Niger as far as the Bussa rapids, where he is drowned. Simon Fraser is today remembered as one of the important figures in the 19th history of Canada, whose exploits as explorer and cartographer formed the modern borders of British Columbia. He would make two important voyages: one in 1642 and the second in 1644. Sir Richard Grenville is today remembered as one of the most famous naval military commanders of 16th century. The First European Explorers to America Was Christopher Columbus the first European to reach the American continents? During the one of his exploration in mid-16th century he searched for mystical El-Dorado, mapping the large areas of today’s northern Mexico and New Mexico. This 15th century Portugese explorer and sea navigator will forever be remembered as the first man who managed to find sea route to India. Best-known exploits of this famous English explorer happened during his numerous journeys in the Pacific. naval exploration and scientific expedition, Timeline of maritime migration and exploration, "The Mekong Exploration Commission, 1866 – 68: Anglo-French Rivalry in South East Asia", "Journeys up the Fly River and in other parts of New Guinea",, Articles with unsourced statements from July 2010, Articles with unsourced statements from November 2010, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, 1446 – The Portuguese reach the mainland peninsula of, 1498 – On his third voyage to the Americas, Christopher Columbus discovers mainland. European Explorers: Home PowerPoint Review Bibliography Hernando deSoto Click on the picture of the explorer to learn more about him. He is remembered as a captain of the ship "Santa Maria" that carried Christopher Columbus to his discovery of America in 1492. History of River of Mississippi cannot be told without describing the life of Father Jacques Marquette, Christian priest that accompanied Louis Joliet in his discovery of central America. Knowledge of 16th century Caribbean island Cuba (then known as Hispaniola) expanded greatly with the discoveries of Spanish captain Sebastián de Ocampo who successfully managed to circumvent this island for the first time and enter the gulf of Mexico. Drake had made a name for himself as a sailor who had been to the West Indies, and was soon tasked by Queen Elizabeth I in 1577 to sail to various Spanish ports in South America to steal some of their imports, such as silver and gold. Learn more about his life here. Ferdinand Magellan, originally of Portugal, was commissioned by Spain to forge a route to the East Indies, which is today known as Southeast Asia. Leif Erikson was a famous Norse explorer who is credited for being the first European to … 1644–47 – Ivan Pokhabov is the first to ascend the Angara to Lake Baikal, which he crosses to the. From Portugal hailed two explorers, Bartolomeu Dias and Vasco da Gama. Publications of the life story of British Royal Navy officer and explorer John Franklin is today regarded as one of the starting points of the so called age of Heroic Age of Antarctic Exploration. He later became the first explorer from England to circumnavigate the globe. Although Magellan died in April of 1521 and thus before the completion of the route, he is remembered for aiding in the very first circumnavigation of Earth, meaning a complete sailing trip around the world. As one of the many explorers that died during his journey, Juan Rodríguez Cabrillo will be remembered as the first European that sailed and mapped the coast of California. This Italian explorer will forever be remembered as the man who first proved New World is not part continents are not part of the Asia but separate new continent. From Portugal hailed two explorers, Bartolomeu Dias and Vasco da Gama. For nearly two centuries, countries from all over Europe participated in a series of exploratory trips overseas to previously-settled territories. After the initial wave of discoveries by the Vikings (Iceland, Greenland, and first trip to North America around 1000 AD), many 19th century Norwegian explorers went on dangerous missions to North and South Pole. da Gama followed in Dias’ footsteps and chartered an exploratory trip round the Cape of Good Hope. Explorers from Norway provided many great discoveries over the last one thousand years. Exploits of this English explorer proved to be instrumental in the exploration of the Antarctic. This timeline of European exploration lists major geographic discoveries and other firsts credited to or involving Europeans during the Age of Discovery and the following centuries, between the years AD 1418 and 1957. Sharon Amolo is a Media Specialist at Gwin Oaks Elementary in Lawrenceville, Georgia. Diogo Cao's discoveries were instrumental in the Vasco De Gama's famous first journey to the India. The Vérendryes and Their Succossors, 1727–1760 (MHS Transactions, Series 3, No. European Explorers Famous European Explorers From the legendary journey of Greek navigator Pytheas, who first reached England more than 2000 years ago, to the legendary 19th-century explorer of Africa David Livingston, explorers from Europe managed to achieve almost every … In the years following that tremendous event, Spain continued to explore the lands of America discovering many unknown lands and civilizations. The Age of Discovery arguably began in the early 15th century with the rounding of the feared Cape Bojador and Portuguese exploration of the west coast of Africa, while in the last decade of the century the Spanish sent expeditions far across the Atlantic, where the Americas would eventually be discovered, and the Portuguese discovered a sea route to India. John Ross was a British explorer who sailed toward North Sea more than 70 years before brave heroes of polar discovery started their journeys toward North and South Pole. Get started today before this once in a lifetime opportunity expires. The New York Verrazano-Narrows Bridge is named after him. He was thus successful in providing a sea route from Western Europe to Asia. History of the exploration of the New World is closely connected with the exploits and military expeditions of Spanish conquistadors. This period of time in European history is known as the Age of Exploration, also commonly referred to as the Age of Discovery. France became known for their explorers after the discovery of Americas in the 16th century. . He is well known British adventurer most famous for his on foot crossing of the Antarctica from one side to the other, via the pole.

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